Testicular cancer is the #1 most common cancer among young men aged 15-35, but it can happen at any age. The good news, though, is it is one of the most treatable cancers and 99% of men diagnosed will survive and go on to live normal, healthy lives. Though highly treatable, testicular cancer can spread like any other cancer so early detection is always best. Monthly self-exams are easy and proactive – men should check for lumps, pain, sensitivity, hardness, or enlargement of the scrotum or testicles. If you notice any abnormality, make an appointment with a urologist immediately.
Testicular cancer can be diagnosed by blood test or ultrasound and the most common treatment is removal of the affected testicle. Sometimes radiation and/or chemotherapy are recommended in addition to or in place of surgery. Most men will make a full recovery and can continue a normal sex life after surgery. Fertility may be decreased after removal of a testicle or as a result of other cancer treatment, but men can easily bank sperm before undergoing treatment for future use. For more answers to common questions, check out this informative infographic on testicular cancer: