Did you know that testicular cancer is the most common cancer in males 15-35 years old? The American Cancer Society estimates that there will be about 8,430 new cases of testicular cancer diagnosis in 2015. Although the exact cause is unknown, the incidence rate has been increasing over the years. Fortunately, it is one of the most treatable types of cancer. When detected early, 95% of people will survive and most men will live normal, healthy lives after treatment and recovery. Even though the survival rate is high when cancer is detected early, there is always the possibility of cancer spreading throughout the body in advanced stages. With a rising incidence rate, it is critical for young and middle-age men to be proactive about detecting cancer early.
The most effective way of early detection is for men to conduct a monthly self-exam of their testicles to check for any lumps, hardness or swelling. The infographic below describes the simple steps for this self-exam.
Signs and symptoms of testicular cancer include:
- Lump or swelling in the testicle – some may experience pain or feeling of heaviness or aching in the lower abdomen/scrotum
- Breast growth or soreness
- Early puberty in boys
- Symptoms of advanced testicular cancer:
- Low back pain
- Shortness of breath, chest pain, or a cough
- Belly pain
- Headaches or confusion
If you find any abnormalities during your self-exam or experience these symptoms, schedule an appointment with a urologist immediately.